From the Chamaeleonidae family, Chameleons are a specialized type of old-world lizards with more than 200 species that live in a variety of locations. Africa, Madagascar, Europe, Asia and the Middle East are some of the common areas where can be found. They can live from tropical to desert conditions.
Chameleons vary in size and structure. The maximum lengths vary from 15 mm (0.59 in) to 68.5 cm (27.0 in). Many species have facial ornamentation, such as nasal protrusions, or horn-like projections or in some cases large crests on top of their heads. Usually, males are more ornamented than the female Chameleons. The lifespan of this reptile will depend on the species; they can live from 2 to 10 years.
Distinguished by their zygodactyls’ feet, very long tongues and the ability to change colors is a very exotic and versatile reptile. Another feature of this species is their stereoscopy vision. Chameleon eyes protrude laterally from the head, and the eyes move independently of each other allowing it to watch an approaching object while is scanning the rest of its environment.
Chameleons have the ability to change the color of their skin. Some species can vary the color and pattern through combinations of blue, pink, red, green, orange, black, yellow, brown, turquoise, and purple. The color changing can represent emotions, body temperature, and as a camouflage to hide from predators. If the chameleon is in a good mood, it will wear brighter colors while a stressed one will be a dark brown to black color.
As pets, they can be interesting and unique, but it may not be for everyone. It could be expensive to maintain his habitat, lighting, heating, food, and humidity control inside the house. Chameleons require a fair amount of cage space, so you need a big space inside the house to place your pet. Their diet consists of insects, but some will also eat small reptiles and other vertebrates.
If you are a beginner, and you want to get your first Chameleon, it is recommended a veiled or panther. They are hardy species that require only moderate humidity. Also, is better to get a male since females tend to have shorter lifespans. So if you are ready to take good care of a Chameleon and set up an ideal habitat; go for it! This will be an incredible pet choice.